There is so much to love about the Mediterranean region— the weather, the beauty, the charm, the people, their lifestyle, and most especially their food. All the countries that border the Mediterranean—Greece, Italy, France, Spain, Turkey, North Africa, and the Middle East—offer their unique culture, character, and food.
In spite of their different customs, what these people share is their desire to eat what is grown locally and regionally. While most Americans shop in a supermarket, selecting foods from far and wide, the people in the Mediterranean region are shopping at their outdoor markets from local farmers who they get to know on a first-name basis. They’re not stocking up for a week’s worth of groceries as we do. They’re buying what they need for just a day or two, ensuring that whatever they buy is very fresh whether it’s produce, seafood, breads, pasta, and cheeses.
You notice I didn’t mention beef, pork, and chicken. That’s because there is far less meat produced in the Mediterranean area; so they rely more on a meal of fresh vegetables, legumes, grains, and fish, with fruit for dessert.
It’s actually amazing how many different ways you can prepare these foods with each country having its own distinctive flavor. Italian dishes are rich in basil and oregano. In France, Herbes de Provence (a blend of such herbs as thyme, rosemary, savory, fennel and lavender) is widely used. If you travel to Turkey, you’ll find a generous use of cumin, paprika, mint, and allspice.
When Americans eat at a Mediterranean restaurant in the United States, most of the time they’re not really eating authentic Mediterranean cuisine. I’ve traveled to such places as Italy, Greece, Spain, France and Turkey, experiencing their delicious cuisines. Then I come home, hoping to enjoy those flavors again and end up being disappointed. Thank goodness for the ability to cook at home to replicate those enjoyable times abroad.
Instead of our restaurants duplicating what you would get in these countries, they put their own spin on it and most often, an unhealthy spin. Let me give you an example. But first, I want you to think about what you’d expect to be served when you order Fettuccine Alfredo. Would you say, “fettuccine cloaked in a white creamy sauce”? If you did, that is so far from being the authentic dish.
I’ve eaten at the Original Alfredo’s in Rome and had traditional Fettuccine Alfredo. In fact, when I was very young and my folks took my family to Italy, we had the opportunity to meet Alfredo, the creator of the dish. What he served, which he prepared at our table, was a light, airy dish simply made with fresh fettuccine, a little butter and four types of cheeses, all tossed together. Not an ounce of cream went into the dish. Once you’ve tasted the real thing, you’d be sadly disappointed eating it in American restaurants.
In Greece, my husband and I dined at a restaurant where the owner grew olive trees in order to make his own olive oil for his restaurant. I kid you not—you literally could just drink the oil from a glass it was so delicious. The fish we were served was only hours old. Have you ever had just caught fish? If everyone had the opportunity to eat fresh fish no one would say, “I don’t like fish. It just tastes fishy.” Yes, fish does taste fishy when it isn’t fresh.
I realize that most of us have no choice but to rely on the grocery store for what we eat, at least during the winter. But during the summer, find a local farmer’s market and experience what fresh really tastes like. Try to become a “locavore”, a person who eats foods that are grown locally. Buy your fish from a fishmonger. Try to eat like someone from the Mediterranean. Your heart will thank you.
Mediterranean Bean Soup with Olives,
Raisins and Marsala Wine
Created by Roberta Schwartz Wennik, M.S., R.D.
2 tablespoons canola oil
1/2 red onion, thinly sliced
1 quart low-sodium chicken stock
1 (15-ounce) can Great Northern beans, rinsed and drained
¼ cup pitted Kalamata olives in red wine vinegar (pitted and sliced)
¼ cup raisins
1/2 teaspoon fresh orange zest
¼ teaspoon dried thyme
Salt and pepper, to taste
2-4 tablespoons Marsala wine, to taste
1/8 cup pine nuts
- In a medium pot, heat the oil over medium heat. Add the sliced onion, sautéing until browned and caramelized. This could take about 5-10 minutes.
- Add the broth and beans. Bring to a boil and then lower the heat to simmer. Cook for 15 minutes. Using a potato masher, gently mash the beans until slightly broken up and starts to thicken the soup.
- Add the olives, raisins, orange zest and thyme, simmering for another 20 minutes.
- Season to taste with salt and pepper.
- Stir in the Marsala wine and serve immediately, topping with pine nuts.
With May being National Mediterranean Diet Month, check out http://www.oldwayspt.org/ for more information and recipes.
Visit www.spinarecipe.com to play the recipe slot machine. Spin the wheels to select dozens of ingredient combinations. Create your own delicious nutritious dishes. It’s like having a “Vegas experience in your kitchen.”